Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease and a leading cause of blindness in American adults. This disease can develop in a diabetic patient with good blood sugar control. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina.
If you have diabetic retinopathy, at first you may not notice changes to your vision. But over time, diabetic retinopathy can get worse and cause vision loss. Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes. All people with diabetes – both type 1 and type 2 – are at risk. That's why everyone with diabetes should get a comprehensive dilated eye exam at least once a year. Dr. Cain can recommend treatment to help prevent its progression.